"(T)he formularies of classical Anglicanism did a better job of retaining the wheat of the orthodox catholicism of the ancient Church while jettisoning the chaff of innovative medieval accretion than did any other segment of the Reformation. This is why Anglicanism can, perhaps uniquely, lay equal claim to the appellations Protestant and Catholic and affirm both without any sense of inconsistency or incoherence. Indeed, strictly speaking, in proper understanding of each term, to truly be one, you must be both." - "Wimsey" aka "Death Bredon"

Layman's Guide to the Thirty-Nine Articles, Fr. Robert Hart, Fr. Luke Wells and Bishop Peter Robinson

The Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion

Fr. Hart Essays on Classic Anglicanism

Fr. Jonathan: Checklist for Finding a Classically Anglican Parish

Branch Theory or Branch Fact?:  Catholic Ecumenism and the Elephant in the Room

On the Catholicity of Anglicanism

Thomas Cranmer and the English Reformation

The Caroline Divines

The Oxford Movement

What Was the Oxford Movement?


"What concord is there between the Academy and the Church?" - Tertullian

The Pastorate as the Proper Venue for the Church's Theology

CPT Blogs


Peter Berger: The Vernacularist Illusion

Shawn Tribe: On the Use of a Hieratic Liturgical English


1662 Book of Common Prayer Online

1928 Book of Common Prayer Online

A Living Text

Alastair's Adversaria

American Anglican Council

American Anglican Council Videos on the 39 Articles


Anglican Bible and Book Society

An Anglican Bookshelf (List of recommended Anglican books)

Anglican Catholic Church

Anglican Church in North America

Anglican Expositor

Anglican Mission in the Americas

Anglican Mom

An Anglican Priest

Anglican Pastor

Anglican Radio

Anglican Rose

Anglicanly Speaking

A BCP Anglican

The Book of Common Prayer (Blog of Photos)

The Book of Common Prayer (Online Texts)

The Catholic Anglican

The Church Calendar

Church Society

Classical Anglicanism:  Essays by Fr. Robert Hart

Cogito, Credo, Petam

Colorado Anglican Society

The Conciliar Anglican

The Conciliar Anglican's YouTube Channel

(The Old) Continuing Anglican Churchman

(The New) Continuing Anglican Churchman

The Continuum

Drew's Views

The Evangelical Ascetic

Forward in Christ Magazine

Forward in Faith North America

Francis J. Hall's Theological Outlines

Free Range Anglican

The Hackney Hub

Jesse Nigro's Thoughts

The Latimer Trust

New Goliards

New Scriptorium (Anglican Articles and Books Online)

O cuniculi! Ubi lexicon Latinum posui?

The Old High Churchman


Prayer Book Anglican

The Prayer Book Society, USA

Project Canterbury


Reformed Catholicism

Reformed Episcopal Church

The Ridley Institute

River Thames Beach Party

The Secker Society

Society of Archbishops Cranmer and Laud

Stand Firm


The Theologian

The World's Ruined


To All The World

Trinity House Blog

United Episcopal Church of North America

Virtue Online



Bad Vestments

The Low Churchman's Guide to the Solemn High Mass

Lutheran Satire


Ponder Anew: Discussions about Worship for Thinking People


Black-Robed Regiment

Cardinal Charles Chaput Reviews "For Greater Glory" (Cristero War)

Cristero War

Benedict Option

Jim Kalb: How Bad Will Things Get?


Christians in the Roman Army: Countering the Pacifist Narrative

Bernard of Clairvaux and the Knights Templar

Gates of Nineveh

Islamophobes (We're in good company)

Jihad Watch

Nineveh Plains Protection Units

Restore Nineveh Now - Nineveh Plains Protection Units

Sons of Liberty International (SOLI)


The Muslim Issue


Abbeville Institute Blog

Art of the Rifle

The Art of Manliness

Chronicles: A Magazine of American Culture

Church For Men

The Church Impotent: The Feminization of Christianity, (Leon Podles' online book)

Craft Beer


First Things

Joffre the Giant: Excursions in Christian Virility

Mercurius Pragmaticus Redivivus

Mere Comments

The Midland Agrarian

Tim Holcombe: Anti-State; Pro-Kingdom

Midwest Conservative Journal

Numavox Records (Music of Kerry Livgen & Co.)

The Pipe Smoker

Throne, Altar, Liberty

Project Appleseed (Basic Rifle Marksmanship)


What's Wrong With The World: Dispatches From The 10th Crusade


A Defense of the Doctrine of the Eternal Subordination of the Son  (Yes, this is about women's ordination.)

Essays on the Ordination of Women to the Priesthood from the Episcopal Diocese of Ft. Worth

Father is Head at the Table: Male Eucharistic Headship and Primary Spiritual Leadership, Ray Sutton

Homo Hierarchicus and Ecclesial Order, Brian Horne

Let's Stop Making Women Presbyters, J.I. Packer

Priestesses in Plano, Robert Hart

Priestesses in the Church?, C.S. Lewis

Reasons for Questioning Women’s Ordination in the Light of Scripture, Rodney Whitacre

Streams of the River: Articles Outlining the Arguments Against the Ordination of Women to the Priesthood

William Witt's Articles on Women's Ordination (Old Jamestown Church archive)

Women Priests?, Eric Mascall

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                                                      Photo courtesy of Smash the Iron Cage


The Left's Unholy Alliance with Islam

Great piece from an Aussie on the symbotic relationship between the Left and Islam.  As the map below indicates, Christianity's greatest threats have been from Islam and Leftism, here shown in red (communism).  Other less virulent forms of leftism vex the Church today, but as James Kalb correctly observes there are increasing indications that things will get worse under them in Europe and the Anglosphere.  The spread of Christianity on the map is shown in white, but we do not see this threat depicted here.

My own belief is that, on the spiritual level, Leftism is a virulent form of Christianity that hates Christ and His Church so much that it was happily joined ranks with Islam, even if this means the destruction of its liberal states down the road.  That is, it's hatred is so intense that it will gladly commit suicide in order to effect a homicide of the object of its hate.  It is nihilistic to the core. 

Don't neglect to read this important article.

The Spread of the Gospel-SD

If you think that Christianity is shrinking in the world think again. Here is the geographic progress of the Gospel over the last 2,000 years. #gospel #advancing

Posted by Joel Engle on Thursday, September 24, 2015


The Feminization of the Church is Largely a Result of the Feminization of Western Culture

Update 10/6: More men speaking in girls' 'dialect', study shows

Yesterday I posted a link to Leon Podles' book The Church Impotent:  The Feminization of Christianity.  Podles devotes a substantial part of his work showing the causes of feminization within the Church (e.g., medieval "bridal mysticism"), but is sure the case as well that the Church has been feminized from without.   As feminism is a corollary of Western liberal-leftism, and as that ideology has permeated Western culture since the late 18th century, we have all been caught up in its zeitgeist all our lives.  Consequently, I think we Westerners have unconsciously adopted beliefs and attitudes deemed "normal" by our culture that are anything but normal when viewed in light of the Christians doctrines of creation and redemption.  We've brought these beliefs and attitudes, with their corresponding pathologies, into the Church.   Just to cite one example, but a key one, I think Western egalitarianism accounts for why otherwise traditional churches capitulated so quickly and thoroughly on the issue of women's ordination.

The zeitgeist proceeds from bad to worse, and in so doing provides the Church with the rationale to do an entire rethink of Western liberalism.   This morning a Facebook friend posted his experience at a high school football game:

I worked an High School Football game this weekend and watched two great teams of boys play with passion and developing skills of teamwork, camaraderie and leadership. I was down on the field standing next to a play when a Ref unexpectedly threw a flag at the end of the play. This took me by surprise since I was standing right there and I didn’t see any kind of a foul. The Ref marched out to the center of the field and indicated the foul – no one, not even the Public Announcer knew what the Ref had just indicated. The 5-yard penalty was paced off and the game continued. I asked one of the coaches what the heck had been called – Answer: The Ref felt that the winning team was being “too aggressive” and penalized them for it. The wussification of the American male will not help America survive. I’m sure the Ref would have been “booed” by both sides, if anyone knew what the call really meant.

Later this morning I stumbled upon this article:

Students warned: Bulging biceps, big guns advance unhealthy masculinity

The Vanderbilt week kicked off with a lecture by the first man to minor in women’s studies at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst, Jackson Katz. (His alma mater now offers a bachelor’s in women, gender and sexuality studies.)

The self-described “anti-sexist activist” and filmmaker said that sexual violence and domestic abuse are men’s issues and that men would “benefit tremendously from having this conversation.”

Katz founded a consulting firm that “provides gender violence prevention and leadership training to institutions in the public and private sectors” and has pioneered the use of bystander training in the U.S. military, according to his website. . . .

Athletes and fraternity members are a risk to themselves and others because of the pressure put on them to act masculine, according to other events from the week.

One event featured a screening of the limited-release documentary The Mask You Live In, which blames “America’s narrow definition of masculinity” for the deteriorating mental health of boys and men.

“The three most destructive words that every man receives when he’s a boy is when he’s told to ‘be a man,’” former NFL player Joe Ehrmann says in the film. Now a minister, Ehrmann spoke on an all-male panel in 2013 titled “Breaking the Male Code,” which was organized by Vagina Monologues writer Eve Ensler.

“Whether it’s homicidal violence or suicidal violence, people resort to such desperate behavior only when they are feeling shamed and humiliated, or feel that they would be if they didn’t prove they were real men,” psychiatrist James Gilligan, a professor at New York University, says in the The Mask You Live In. . . .

This is the second consecutive year Vanderbilt has hosted a discussion about masculinity. The Center for Medicine, Health, and Society hosted “The Politics of Masculinity” last year.

Rory Dicker, the director of the Women’s Center, told The College Fix by email that it hosted the week to “further the conversations” in response to Katz’s “provocative ideas” about masculinity.

But this year’s masculinity series was roundly mocked in national news outlets in the week leading up to the observance, including by a panel of four women and one man on the Fox News show Outnumbered.

Host Andrea Tantaros claimed the organizers were trying to “demasculinize men” and turn them into “thumb-sucking little beta males in skinny jeans.”

Asked about the Fox News pundits’ criticisms, Vanderbilt’s Dicker said they “missed the fact that … there are many ways to be masculine, but American society pressures boys and men to adopt” the version that prioritizes “being competitive, stoic and aggressive, for example.”

Boys and men should also be taught that “emotional vulnerability, cooperation, and sensitivity are valuable human traits,” Dicker said.

Ick.  Just, ick. It's time for us to exercise the Benedict Option in earnest in order to escape this and other pernicious mentalities of Western unbelief.   There's nothing wrong about boys and men being "emotionally intelligent", but feminism is interested in much more than making them so.  They want to make unmanly, and we simply will have none of it.  Our boys need to be taught both the military and gentlemanly virtues of chivalry.  They need to learn about Christian monks and warriors.  They need to master the outdoors.  They need to learn to use tools and weaponry.  They need to taugh how to relate to women in a virtuous, but steadfastly male way.  In his essay The Necessity of Chivalry, C.S. Lewis touted that medieval code as the best way to make Christian men:

The medieval knight brought together two things which have no natural tendency to gravitate toward one another.  It brought them together for that very reason.  It taught humility and forbearance to the great warrior because everyone knew by experience how much he usually needed that lesson.  It demanded valour of the urbane and modest man because everyone knew that he was as likely as not to be a milksop. . . .

If we cannot produce Launcelots, humanity falls into two sections - those who can deal in blood and iron but cannot be "meek in hall", and those who are "meek in hall" but useless in battle - for the third class, who are both brutal in peace and cowardly in war, need not here be discussed.  When this dissociation of the two halves of Launcelot occurs, history becomes a horribly simple affair. . . .  The man who combines both characters - the knight - is not a work of nature but of art; of that art which has human beings, instead of canvas or marble, for its medium.

In the world today there is a "liberal" or "enlightened" tradition which regards the combative side of man's nature as a pure, atavistic evil, and scouts the chivalrous sentiment as part of the "false glamour" of war.  And there is also a neo-heroic tradition which scouts the chivalrous sentiment as a weak sentimentality, which would raise from its grave (its shallow and unquiet grave!) the pre-Christian ferocity of Achilles by a "modern invocation". . . .

(However), there is still life in the tradition which the Middle Ages inaugurated.  But the maintenance of that life depends, in part, on knowing that the knightly character is art not nature - something that needs to be achieved, not something that can be relied upon to happen.  And this knowledge is specially necessary as we grow more democratic.  In previous centuries the vestiges of chivalry were kept alive by a specialized class, from whom they spread to other classes partly by imitation and partly by coercion.  Now, it seems, the people must either be chivalrous on its own resources, or else choose between the two remaining alternatives of brutality and softness. . . . The ideal embodied in Launcelot is "escapism" is a sense never dreamed of by those who use that word; it offers the only possible escape from a world divided between wolves who do not understand, and sheep who cannot defend, the things which make life desirable. . . .

We simply can't turn our boys over to men who major in women's studies.  Come out from among them, and be ye separate.


Lessons in Manliness: The Hobbit


The Church Impotent: The Feminization of Christianity


A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words


Moorman on the Puritans and the Caroline Divines

“(The Puritans), less well informed than the Anglicans, . . . could not understand what these scholarly men were trying to do. Because the High Churchmen stood out for episcopacy as essential to catholic order they accused them of wanting to restore the papacy; and because they fought for the beauty and order in worship, for loyalty to the Prayer Book, for the offering of a liturgy worthy of a great Church, the Puritans thought they wanted to bring back the Roman Mass. The Caroline Divines, therefore, found themselves out of sympathy with the Puritan party which was rising to power, and many of them suffered during the troubled years. But by their sound scholarship, their courage, the purity and sanctity of their lives, they saved the Church of England from destruction and laid the foundations upon which later generations could build.” John Moorman, "History of the Church in England"


Two Recommended Articles on Anglican Catholicity

The Anglican Mind in Caroline and Tractarian Thought, Canon Arthur Middleton

WhyThe Parish?,  Fr. Lee Nelson


ACNA, the Russian Orthodox Church and Romans 13

Let's hope that the warm relations recently struck between the ACNA, and OCA and the ROC don't chill in the wake of the ROC's pronouncement that Russia's war against ISIS is "holy."  Already, over at the ACNA Facebook page, the pacifists and the theologically challenged are having a hissy-fit over the ROC's statement.  I was sort of hoping that the new ecumenical bonhomie between the ROC and ACNA might disabuse the view of certain ACNA clergy that "violence is never the answer."  We shall see.


Muscular Christianity


Christian Resistance Theory: The Catholic Second Amendment

Another must read by Second Amendment scholar David Kopel.

Scholars of the American Revolution and of the Second Amendment are used to looking at the closest intellectual ancestors of the Founders—especially at John Locke and Algernon Sidney, and also at the many other English authors from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries who articulated a right to armed revolution in order to vindicate the natural right of self-defense. Although King George III reportedly denounced the American War of Independence as “a Presbyterian rebellion,” it seems that American principle of justified revolution has very strong Catholic roots. When Pope Gregory launched the Papal Revolution, he had no idea that there was an American continent, let alone that he was unleashing ideas which, after centuries of development, would mature into an American Revolution. One of the values of understanding the debt that the Declaration of Independence and the Second Amendment owe to the Summa Theologica, to Policraticus, and to the other great works of Catholic resistance theory is that we can better understand that the American principles of revolution and the right to arms are not novelties that spontaneously arose in 18th-century America or in 17th-century Great Britain. Rather, they are the natural results of an intellectual tradition that was in many ways far older and broader—and much more Catholic—than the American Founders may have realized.


Christian Resistance Theory: John of Salisbury

Lex iniusta non est lex - St. Augustine

A few days ago I promised some further comments on Christian resistance theorists from the Middle Ages.  Oftentimes when I make comments such as the one I made in the previous post, I get blank stares and embarrassed silence, especially from fellow clergy.  The assumption seems to be that since Jesus promised us tribulation in this world, a passive, pacifist response is what is required from all Christians who suffer persecution.  No Christian, and certainly no clergyman according to this view, should ever defend the argument for the propriety of armed resistance against tyranny.  As Archbishop Foley Beach recently put it in a comment designed to honor Martin Luther King, "Violence is not the answer. Violence only leads to more violence. It is non-violence which brings lasting social change".

As you can see in the linked blog article, my answer to that was, "Archbishop Beach's comment is flat wrong when viewed in a biblical and Christian-historical contexts.  Plus, it's just flat wrong empirically.  The Orthodox Serbs and Greeks will tell you that their violent resistance against the Ottoman Turks brought lasting social change to their lands." I'm sure Archbishop Beach would also agree with the proposition that violence was indeed the right answer to Adolf Hitler.  (I choose to give His Grace the benefit of the doubt and speculate that his words represented a "throw-away" comment designed to say something politic about MLK on his national day of celebration.)

Moreover, the Christian resistance theory that was developed by certain theologians in the West, and more or less embraced in the East, was developed by clergy, mainly bishops.  One such bishop was the Anglo-Saxon John of Salisbury, Secretary to the Archbishop of Canterbury, Bishop of Chartres, and author of an important political treatise, Policraticus, in which the bishop, echoing the political thought of Manegold of Lautenbach and foreshadowing that of Thomas Aquinas, argued for the right to revolution against tyranny, a proposition that stands at the center of American political theory.

My good friend David Kopel, with whom during my gun rights activism days I co-authored a law review article on the right to keep and bear arms, penned this article about John of Salisbury.  I highly recommend it to all my Christian friends, especially my fellow clergy who think that Christian theology justifies the proposition, "Violence is never the answer."


Consider St. Augustine

Who, following St. Paul in his doctrines of grace, was just as Protestant as Luther and Calvin, but in his mysticism, ecclesiology and sacramentology was just as Catholic as those who preceded the Reformers.

That should be our aim as Anglicans.  We are not Presbyterians with prayer books.


What Was the Oxford Movement?

Were (the Church of England's) pastors priests of the Catholic Church (as the Prayer Book insisted) or ministers of a Calvinistic sect?

Pretty much the central question to be answered for the purposes of settling the issue of Anglican identity, is it not?  My answer is that is that our pastors are in fact priests of the Catholic Church, not ministers of a Calvinistic sect, BUT that Anglicanism at least makes room for certain doctrines that came to be associated with Calvinism.  Said doctrines are not necessarily "Calvinistic", however, as they antedated him, in certain cases by a thousand years.

We are not Presbyterians with prayer books, however, and the English Reformation didn't end with the Settlement.  Hooker and the Caroline divines are as important to classical Anglicanism as are Cranmer and Jewell, and what's more, I don't  believe we can ignore the Tractarian legacy in our attempt to articulate Anglican identity.

What Was the Oxford Movement?


William Bennett on Why We Defend Western Culture

"Because it is good, and it is ours."

Let Anglicans never forget or minimize it.  It starts with defending the integrity of our borders.



From Christian philosopher and apologist Doug Groothuis:

Advise (sic) from a long-time curmudgeon, philosopher, and social critic.

1. Develop your theology of suffering.
2. Develop your theology persecution.
3. Develop your theology of martyrdom.
4. Develop your theology of civil resistance.

You will need all four--soon.

Only if you live in the Middle East and perhaps Western Europe, says I.

Here in the United States, persecution of Christians is against the fundamental law of the land, and if that law is ever set aside or systematically ignored by the liberal state, then the people may - and likely will - take that state down, by force if necessary.  That's 18th-century American political philosophy, folks, and it's more or less enshrined in law.   Stop wringing your hands.  Yes, develop your theologies of suffering, persecution and martyrdom, but as you develop your theology of civil resistance:

1.  Develop your understanding of Anglo-American constitutional history.  Then:

2.  Develop your defiant, steely resolve.

3.  Develop your stash.

4.  Develop your marksmanship skills. 

5.  Develop your local connections, and cry . . .

"¡Viva Cristo Rey!"

For some further thoughts on some medieval Catholic theologians who are known for their work on Christian resistance theory, see:

Christian Resistance Theory: John of Salisbury

Christian Resistance Theory: The Catholic Second Amendment


Another Anglican Making Sense on Immigration

A Christian's call to halt mass Muslim migration to Europe, by Gavin Ashenden.

Previously:  When Anglicans Make Sense.

A Christians call to halt mass Muslim migration to Europe - See more at:
A Christians call to halt mass Muslim migration to Europe - See more at:

Russia and the West Have Swapped Spiritual and Cultural Roles

Quite possibly this is true.

I'm not sure I can be quite as sanguine as this writer, for I suspect there is more here than meets the eye. There are some things about the situation in Russia that give me pause. That said, what's happening in what Samuel P. Huntington called the "Orthodox Bloc" has me very intrigued. And hopeful.

My readers know how important the issue of "muscular Christianity" is to me.  Eastern Orthodoxy is muscular Christianity.

I'd like to think that orthodox Anglicanism can rival the muscular Christianity of Orthodoxy.  I believe it can, but it has some doin' to to in order to get there.


So Be It



"Islamophobes" 'R' Us

Have you been branded an Islamophobe – a slur word invented by Muslim leaders and clerics against non-Muslims?

Then join the ranks of the world’s greatest political leaders, military leaders, writers, philosophers, historians, researchers and intellectuals; the movers and shakers of history.




From Martin Thornton:

Personal petition is the heart of prayer as corporate adoration is its peak.  It is unfortunate that Protestantism tends so to stress the value of petition - "sincere prayer from the heart" - that it obscures its ultimate consummation in the corporate worship of the Church.  It is just as regrettable that a certain type of Catholicism so emphasises the Office and the Mass that it overlooks a personal religion which alone guarantees adequate participation in them. - Christian Proficiency, p. 87.

Evangelical is not enough.  Catholic is not enough.