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TRADITIONAL ANGLICAN CHURCHES

"Continuing Anglican" Churches - We would argue the most consistently traditional or "classical" Anglican churches.

Continuing Anglican Miscellany

"Anglican Realignment" Churches (ACNA, AMiA, and others) - Conservative but markedly less traditional than the Continuing Anglican Churches.

Reformed Episcopal Church - Currently part of the Anglican Realignment but these days much more like the traditional Continuing Anglican bodies.

ANGLICAN BLOGS AND WEB SITES

1662 Book of Common Prayer Online

1928 Book of Common Prayer Online

A Living Text

Alastair's Adversaria

Akenside Press

American Anglican Council

American Anglican Council Videos on the 39 Articles

ἀναστόμωσις

Anglican Audio

Anglican Bible and Book Society

An Anglican Bookshelf (List of recommended Anglican books)

Anglican Catholic Church

Anglican Catholic Liturgy and Theology

Anglican Church in North America

Anglican Church Planting

Anglican Eucharistic Theology

Anglican Expositor

Anglican Internet Church

Anglican Mainstream

Anglican Mission in the Americas

Anglican Mom

An Anglican Priest

Anglican.net

Anglican Radio

Anglican Rose

Anglican Way Magazine

Anglicanly Speaking

The Anglophilic Anglican

A BCP Anglican

The Book of Common Prayer (Blog of Photos)

The Book of Common Prayer (Online Texts)

The Cathedral Close

The Catholic Anglican

Chinese Orthodoxy

The Church Calendar

Church Society

Classical Anglicanism:  Essays by Fr. Robert Hart

Cogito, Credo, Petam

Colorado Anglican Society

CommonPrayer.org

(The Old) Continuing Anglican Churchman

(The New) Continuing Anglican Churchman

The Continuum

The Curate's Corner

The Cure of Souls

Drew's Views

Earth and Altar: Catholic Ressourecment for Anglicans

The Evangelical Ascetic

Faith and Gender: Five Aspects of Man

Fellowship of Concerned Churchmen

Forward in Christ Magazine

Forward in Faith North America

Francis J. Hall's Theological Outlines

Free Range Anglican

Full Homely Divinity

Gavin Ashenden

The Hackney Hub

The Homely Hours

International Catholic Congress of Anglicans

Jesse Nigro's Thoughts

The Latimer Trust

Laudable Practice

Martin Thornton

Meditating on "Irvana"

New Goliards

New Scriptorium (Anglican Articles and Books Online)

The North American Anglican

O cuniculi! Ubi lexicon Latinum posui?

The Ohio Anglican Blog

The Old High Churchman

Philorthodox

Prayer Book Anglican

The Prayer Book Society, USA

Project Canterbury

Ritual Notes

Pusey House

Prydain

Rebel Priest (Jules Gomes)

Reformed Catholicism

Reformed Episcopal Church

The Ridley Institute

Ritual Notes

River Thames Beach Party

The Secker Society

Society of Archbishops Cranmer and Laud

The Southern High Churchman

Stand Firm

Texanglican

The Theologian

The World's Ruined

TitusOneNine

To All The World

Trinity House Blog

United Episcopal Church of North America

Virtue Online

We See Through A Mirror Darkly

When I Consider How My Light is Spent: The Crier in the Digital Wilderness Calls for a Second Catholic Revival

Wyclif

HUMOR 

The Babylon Bee

Bad Vestments

The Low Churchman's Guide to the Solemn High Mass

Lutheran Satire

"WORSHIP WARS"

Ponder Anew: Discussions about Worship for Thinking People

RESISTING LEFTIST ANTICHRISTIANITY

Black-Robed Regiment

Cardinal Charles Chaput Reviews "For Greater Glory" (Cristero War)

Cristero War

Benedict Option

Jim Kalb: How Bad Will Things Get?

The Once and Future Christendom

Trouble

RESISTING ISLAMIC ANTICHRISTIANITY

Christians in the Roman Army: Countering the Pacifist Narrative

Bernard of Clairvaux and the Knights Templar

Gates of Nineveh

Gates of Vienna

Islamophobes (We're in good company)

Jihad Watch

Nineveh Plains Protection Units

Restore Nineveh Now - Nineveh Plains Protection Units

Sons of Liberty International (SOLI)

The Muslim Issue

The Once and Future Christendom

Trouble

OTHER SITES AND BLOGS, MANLY, POLITICAL AND WHATNOT

Abbeville Institute Blog

Art of the Rifle

The Art of Manliness

Chronicles: A Magazine of American Culture

Church For Men

The Church Impotent: The Feminization of Christianity, (Leon Podles' online book)

The Counter-Revolution

Craft Beer

Eclectic Orthodoxy

First Things

The Imaginative Conservative

Joffre the Giant: Excursions in Christian Virility

Katehon

Men of the West

Mercurius Pragmaticus Redivivus

Mere Comments

Mitre and Crown

Monomakhos (Eastern Orthodox; Paleocon)

The Once and Future Christendom

The Orthosphere

Paterfamilias Daily

Tales of Chivalry

The Midland Agrarian

Those Catholic Men

Tim Holcombe: Anti-State; Pro-Kingdom

Midwest Conservative Journal

Pint, Pipe and Cross Club

The Pipe Smoker

Red River Orthodox

The Salisbury Review

Throne, Altar, Liberty

Throne and Altar

Project Appleseed (Basic Rifle Marksmanship)

Turnabout

What's Wrong With The World: Dispatches From The 10th Crusade

CHRISTIAN MUSIC FOR CHRISTIAN MEN

Numavox Records (Music of Kerry Livgen & Co.)

Wovenhand

Jerycho

WOMEN'S ORDINATION TO THE PRIESTHOOD

A Defense of the Doctrine of the Eternal Subordination of the Son  (Yes, this is about women's ordination.)

An (Extended) Short History of the Diaconate

"Buckle Your Seabelts": Can a Woman Celebrate Holy Communion as a Priest? (Video), Fr. William Mouser

Essays on the Ordination of Women to the Priesthood from the Episcopal Diocese of Ft. Worth

Faith and Gender: Five Aspects of Man, Fr. William Mouser

Father is Head at the Table: Male Eucharistic Headship and Primary Spiritual Leadership, Ray Sutton

FIFNA Bishops Stand Firm Against Ordination of Women

God, Gender and the Pastoral Office, S.M. Hutchens

God, Sex and Gender, Gavin Ashenden

Homo Hierarchicus and Ecclesial Order, Brian Horne

How Ordaining Women Harms Ministry to Men, C.R. Wiley

Let's Stop Making Women Presbyters, J.I. Packer

Liturgy and Interchangeable Sexes, Peter J. Leithart

Male-Only Ordination is Natural: Why the Church is a Model of Reality, Steven Wedgeworth

Ordaining Women as Deacons: A Reappraisal of the Anglican Mission in America's Policy, John Rodgers

Priestesses in Plano, Robert Hart

Priestesses in the Church?, C.S. Lewis

Priesthood and Masculinity, Stephen DeYoung

Reasons for Questioning Women’s Ordination in the Light of Scripture, Rodney Whitacre

Streams of the River: Articles Outlining the Arguments Against the Ordination of Women to the Priesthood ,

Traditional Anglican Resources

William Witt's Articles on Women's Ordination (Old Jamestown Church archive)

Women Priests?, Eric Mascall

Women and the Priesthood, Catholic Answers

Women Priests: History & Theology, Patrick Reardon

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Sunday
Aug022015

Are Anglican Orders Catholic Orders?

Blogger Joel Wilhelm shared this article in a comment here the other day.  The article, written by Fr. Lee Nelson, was published after a June 2010 meeting of the ACNA's College of Bishops, where the bishops took up the question of women's ordination to the priesthood.  Arguing the "pro" side was the Rev. Dr. Grant LeMarquand, who has a position paper that was linked at the Trinity School for Ministry's website shortly after the meeting of the College of Bishops.  I'm guessing this may be the paper he presented there.  Opposing Dr. LeMarquand was the Rt. Rev. Keith Ackerman, who argued for the Catholic position.  Fr. Nelson's summary cuts right to the heart of the issue (bolded emphasis mine):

A document distributed and later discussed by Dr. Fairfield distinguished between three positions: the Reformed, the Anglo-Catholic, and the Missional, the first two being “prohibitive” and the latter being “permissive.”  The idea was to get a feel for the range of positions held within the ACNA.  The Reformed position was characterized as dissenting from the ordination of women based upon Scriptural grounds.  The Anglo-Catholic position was rightly characterized by an adherence to Scriptural grounds as well as adherence to the universal practice of the Church catholic.  The missional position is essentially a defense of the practice based upon the call of the Church to witness in every age and nation, further understanding ordination as ordination to “ministry” rather than to the ancient orders of the Church.

The Catholic position was ably defended by Bishop Ackerman, who noted that this was the first time he had every been able to do so in any official context.  Drawing upon C.S. Lewis, Eric Mascall, and the Church Fathers (among others), he presented a view of the priesthood in Anglicanism as identical to that of the Church catholic.  Of note was his request that the use of such terms as “salvation issue,” “tertiary,” “secondary,” and “adiaphora” be avoided in the discussion.  One has to agree that these terms immediately color the dialogue with an air of one side being passionately engaged while the other is indifferent.  The use of such terms is at best to say the disagreements don’t matter, and at the worst – offensive.  Remarkably, Dr. LeMarquand agreed wholeheartedly with this assertion, as did many of the bishops who later spoke to the panel.

Dr. LeMarquand presented what could best be characterized as a defense for the ministry of women from the New Testament perspective.  Admittedly, the Catholic position takes no issue with many of the assertions made, for instance that women may occupy teaching roles, speak in church, etc.  The trouble is that the two sides are speaking remarkably difference languages when it comes to the nature of Holy Orders.  The missional position is essentially Wesleyan, asserting that ordination is merely an official recognition of ministry, while the Catholic position is that ordination confers an ontological mark upon the person, making him “a priest forever.” The trouble with the missional position, from my perspective is that it represents a break from classical Anglicanism as well as catholic practice.  The Caroline Divines, as well as the English Reformers saw no difference between Anglican Orders and the Orders of the Roman Church, albeit with often sharp contrasts in practice.

Indeed, nothing could be clearer than that the so-called "missional" theory of ordination is more Wesleyan than anything else, and as such, it stands in stark opposition to Anglican divinity on the nature of Anglican orders from the Reformers on down to the Caroline and Tractarian divines.  Much effort was expended by Anglican clergy and scholars, and successfully, to counter Pope Leo XIII's Bull of 1896, Apostolicae Curae, which argued essentially that Anglican orders had become Protestant orders.   Only a few decades after the publication of Apostolicae Curae, the Eastern Orthodox churches, which characteristically did not care one whit about Rome's judgment, conducted their own studies on the matter.  They essentially though not without qualification concluded that Anglican orders are valid, which meant that they believed them to be Catholic orders, and in some cases through the exercise of economia gave permission to their flock to receive sacraments from Anglican clergy. 

The point is, Anglican orders are Catholic orders.  Pope Leo couldn't disprove it (and some modern Roman Catholic bishops as much as admit that he didn't), and before things started going haywire in the Anglican Communion in the mid-20th century, Orthodoxy was on the verge of recognizing our orders as valid Catholic orders.  If there was any way in which Anglican orders were "missional" and therefore open to women, the Orthodox wouldn't have bothered.   It appears to me that William Witt in his series of articles, the first one of which was published in late 2013, is trying to construct a particular theological understanding of Anglican orders that, unlike the "missional" view, both accounts for the Catholic nature of Anglican orders AND attempts to create a rationale for altering a 2,000 year old practice of ordaining males only.

Fr. Nelson concludes his article by stating that "there is a recognition that the issue cuts to the very heart of what ordained ministry is, and the bishops recognized that this question needs to be at the center of further discussions."  Unfortunately, ACNA did not put a moratorium on the ordination of women to the priesthood when it was formed back in 2009, and those dioceses that ordain women make this issue harder to resolve with every female they ordain to the priesthood.  Time's a'wastin'.

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